1. Cell Sheets
2. Cell Injection
3. Cells Embedded In A Hydrogel
4. Cells Seeded Onto A Scaffold
Cells Seeded Onto An Extracellular Matrix Scaffold
Every heartbeat is powered by molecular motors. These motors are of the order of picometers. The heart is so complex that it’s not easy to build everything from the scratch.
5. 3-D Printing
The paper is titled: 3D-Printed Scaffolds for Engineered Myocardium
1.Micro/Nanoscale engineered surfaces and interfaces.
2. 3D Bioprinting Microstructured Protein Scaffolds.