12 Reasons to Travel To Serbia

Serbia or Srbija was the heart and soul of the former Yugoslavia. India was a strategic ally of Yugoslavia and the historical ties between the two countries were very strong. Yugoslavia went through a tumultuous time in the 1990s. It disintegrated into Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Kosovo. There were […]

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10 European Countries to Travel With Irish Residence Permit and Indian Passport

Getting a Schengen Visa every time you want to plan your vacation, despite living in a European country can be a real pain. I live in Ireland, which is an EU country. However, it is not a part of Schengen borderless area. Being an Indian passport holder, I have to get a Schengen visa (Type […]

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Indian Options vs American Options

I trade options regularly in the Indian as well as the American market. They are very different in their pricing models, trading volume, expiry cycle, lot sizes, and even trading frequencies. For example, the Indian options are European style options where the Options contract can only be exercised after the expiry. On the other hand, […]

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The Darker Side of Dolphinariums

Dolphins are one of the smartest mammals. They can mimic voices, demonstrate empathy, grief, and joy. There are around 40 different species of dolphins. The Bottleneck Dolphin is the smartest of all dolphins. They are usually very social and easy to train. They have a friendly appearance and higher life expectancy (30-50 years) than most […]

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10 European Countries with High Immigration

The last decade has seen massive immigration to Europe from the Middle East. Europe is currently witnessing the biggest refugee crisis since World War II. There are several debates in the European Parliament about the security threat posed due to immigration, the right to seek asylum, the economic impact of mass immigration, and the assimilation […]

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Is Ireland Socialist or Capitalist?

Ireland is a democratic republic with a very strong Capitalist system. In fact, Ireland is more capitalist than the United States. Well, Ireland does have a Social Welfare System, but that’s just one point for socialism. The low Irish corporate tax system, high cost of attending universities, nepotistic politics, a higher number of millionaires per […]

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5G Indian Stocks To Buy: Be an Early Bird Investor

5G Network has lower latency, higher data speed and increased bandwidth compared to 4G LTE. 5G network can open new avenues in Video on Demand (VoD), real-time video surveillance, telemedicine and Augmented Reality (AR)/Virtual Reality (VR). However, these sectors are indirectly benefitted from 5G technology. On the other hand, there are several industries like semiconductor […]

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6 Countries that Missed Sovereign Debt Due To COVID-19

According to World Economic Forum, a record number of countries are piling up on sovereign debt amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The rating firm S&P Global has reiterated its concern for several sovereign defaults. There was just one sovereign debt default in 2018 while there were 7 sovereign debt defaults in 2020 (Source: S&P Global) Earlier in […]

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Project Management in Medical Device Development

Project management of a medical device development starts with defining the project scope, selecting the team, identifying the value, and then launching the project. Agile and lean development methods are used to manage large and complex medical device development projects. 1. Kanban Kanban is a lean concept which helps in visualizing the workflow. Here is […]

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Lean and Agile Principles in Medical Product Development

Lean philosophy has the following 5 aspects to it. Value: Precisely specify the value of the new productValue Stream: Identify the value stream in each productFlow: Allow the values to flow without interruptionsPull: Let the customer pull value from the design teamPerfection: Continuously pursue economical perfection How can wastes be eliminated in the Product Development […]

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Lesson V: Six Sigma Measure Phase

This chapter is about the ‘Measure’ phase of the DMAIC. Contents Types of Process MapsSampling in Data CollectedDescriptive StatisticsMeasurement System Analysis (MSA)Process Performance Measures 5. Process Performance Measures Some of the commonly used Process Performance Metrics are: Defects per Unit (DPU): Defects per Opportunity (DPO): Defects per Million Opportunities (DPMO)Rolled Throughput Yield (RTY): It’s a […]

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Lesson VI: Six Sigma Analyze Phase

The steps in the analyze phase are: Determine which factors impact the performance, i.e. X’s in Y=f(X)Organize the potential X’sShortlist the key X’sDevelop a data collection plan for the analysisProve the key X’s for Y=f(X) The possible X’s are determined by brainstorming. The potential X’s are organized using a cause-effect diagram or fishbone diagram. The […]

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Lesson IV: Six Sigma Define Phase

Six Sigma helps in performance improvement and it’s an important project management philosophy being adopted in different industries, particularly in the automotive, medical device and biopharma sector. The ‘Define’ phase describes what the project is all about, the project deliverables, and the deadline. 1.Steps in Define Phase Step I: Develop the problems and goal statements […]

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How induced Pluripotent Stem Cells are created?

Pluripotent stem cells have tremendous potential in regenerative medicine. Pluripotent stem cells have the capability to develop into all the cells derived from the three germ layers. Earlier only the embryonic stem cells were known to be the pluripotent stem cells. The groundbreaking research work of Takahashi and Yamanaka published in 2006 paved the way […]

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Economic Tigers of The World

Economic power gives you the chance to dominate the world. The US, Germany, and the UK are the economic powerhouses of the world that have significant control over the global trade and hence, exercise more control over international affairs. However, this article is not about these economically powerful countries. It is about the ‘Tiger Economy’ […]

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Ultimate Guide To Fundamental Analysis of A Stock

There are two kinds of analysis for a stock: Fundamental analysis and technical analysis. Technical analysis is important for daily traders and short-term investors who have to take into account the volume traded and price movements. However, fundamental analysis is important to the value investors or long-term investors. Why is fundamental analysis of stock important? […]

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32 Microfluidics and Lab-on-a-chip Startups

Microfluidics is a key technology to develop miniaturized diagnostics and analysis systems. The ‘Organ-on-a-chip’ market is estimated to reach over $6 billion by 2025 (Source: Research and Markets). Here are 32 innovative lab-on-a-chip startups making an impact in high throughput drug screening and point of care diagnostics. 1. Micronit 2. Emulate Bio 3. MIMETAS 4. […]

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Top 30 3D Bioprinting Startups

1. regenHU 2. Aspect Biosystems 3. Pandorum Technologies 4. Organovo Holdings Inc. 5. Precise Bio 6. Ourobotics 7. REGEMAT 3D 8. Cyfuse Biomedical K.K. 9. EnvisionTEC GmbH 10. Cellink AB 11. Poietis 12. Stratasys Ltd. 13. Regenovo Biotechnology Co. Ltd. 14. Next Big Innovation Labs 15. Nano3D Biosciences Inc. 16. FUJIFILM Wako Automation Corporation 17. […]

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Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering

Topics: Scaffold Approaches in Tissue EngineeringScaffold Fabrication TechniquesPhysiochemical characterization of scaffolds 1. Scaffold Approaches in Tissue Engineering There are basically two scaffolding approaches which have been typically used in tissue engineering. These are: Top-down approach Bottom-up approach Tissue Engineering approaches (Nicol et al., 2009) 1.1. Top-down approach The top-down approach involves the use of a […]

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Gene Therapy

Topics: The BasicsGenetic DisordersApplications of Gene TherapyApplications of Tissue Engineering in Gene TherapyPlasmid Banks and other repositoriesResearch Methods used in Gene TherapyMethods to Analyze RNAMethods to Analyze Proteins 1.The Basics 1.1. Genes A human cell (except for Red Blood Cells) has 23 pairs of chromosomes. Each chromosome houses numerous genes. Genes are basically the sequences […]

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Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP): User Requirement Specifications

FDA Design Control Guidance for Medical Device Manufacturers US FDA 21 CFR 820.30 Design Control Requirements. At the design stage, an outline of the design control process should be actualized. Here is a diagram describing the Design and Development Planning. Medical Device Design and Development Planning Design Input There are several parameters which contribute to […]

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MedTech Skill II: Classification of Medical Devices

Classification of medical devices based on the risk involved is an important step in medical device approval process. While the medical devices are classified into 3 categories in the US, they are classified into 4 categories in the European Union (EU). 1. FDA Medical Device Classification FDA 21 CFR Part 860 classifies devices based on […]

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Difference Between a Businessman and an Entrepreneur

When I was in high school and the early days of engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology, I had very little insights about the distinction between the ‘Business’ and ‘Entrepreneurship’. I knew that Steve Jobs is a great entrepreneur but Mukesh Ambani is always hailed as a shrewd businessman. Many times I thought that […]

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6 Dishes You Must Try On A Student Trip To Ukraine

Ukraine, the Eastern European country is often referred to as the ‘breadbasket of Europe’. The subtropical climate allows farmers to grow barley, millet, wheat, and rye. Despite the fact that Ukraine had been under Russian domination for over two centuries, Ukrainians have successfully managed to preserve their native culture, tradition and traditional cuisines. While borsch […]

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3 Airport Packing Hacks To Carry Extra Luggage Without Paying Excess Baggage Fees

How can I carry more luggage than my specified baggage limitations? I was allowed to carry 23 kg check-in luggage and a hand baggage (+an accessory like a laptop bag) not exceeding 12 kg combined. So, in total, I could carry 35 kgs of luggage. After getting all kinds of stuff lined up for my grad […]

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16 Non-Schengen European Countries Indian Students In Europe Can Visit Without Visa

The possibility of exploring new cultures and getting international exposure are the perks associated with an international master or study abroad. I still get goosebumps thinking about my first flight which happened to be from New Delhi to Paris. It was the first time I had been out of the country for a summer internship. […]

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Secrets To Writing 1000-Words Article In 2 Hours

Stephen King, the famous novelist whose novels have been adapted into movies like ‘Shawshank Redemption’, writes almost 3 novels in every 6 months. We at ‘A Numb Mind‘ bring to you the writing tips Stephen King incorporates to write faster. In this article, we have also incorporated writing tips from several successful bloggers, copywriters, and […]

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11 Fascinating Things About Paris You Never Knew

Paris, the fashion capital of the world, houses grandiloquent monuments that mesmerize travelers from across the globe. While the Baroque architecture, the reminiscence of the French Revolution and World Wars can rekindle the history buff in you, the restaurants offer the perfect romantic dining experience with your better half. However, among so many obvious things, […]

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5 Ways to Effectively Use Your Internship Stipend

Parth was elated when he received a whooping ₹ 240,000 internship stipend for a two-month summer internship at Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL). This is one of the most coveted internships for Mechanical and Chemical engineering junior undergrads in the Indian Institute of Technology (IITs). Even before the money was in his bank, he had made […]

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5 Skills To Learn From Famous Bloggers

In the Oscar-winning movie ‘The Social Network’, Mark Zuckerberg’s blog about his split with Erica Albright and the consequent launch of the ‘FaceMash‘ crashed the Harvard network. A decade earlier, blogging was just a hobby for many people. Today, it has become a full-time career for many. Nevertheless, several self-proclaimed digital entrepreneurs often fail to […]

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11 Places In Europe All Music Lovers Should Visit

No wonder William Wordsworth was mesmerized by the melancholic strain of the solitary reaper in the Scottish highlands that he didn’t understand but contemplated deep in his heart. That’s the beauty of music! The evolution of certain genres of music has been endemic to a place. However, very few places or cultural centers are actually […]

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Why Globetrotting In Your 20s Should Be In Your Bucket List?

I always knew I would study abroad during my college career. I applied and was accepted to my program of choice, and was thrilled to have the opportunity to see Europe again. However, in the months leading up to departure, I was struck with a strange anxiety about leaving home and being in a completely new environment. […]

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